The U.S. Electronic Logging Device (ELD) Mandate has taken the transportation industry by storm, requiring all carriers to transition their technology to an ELD by December 16. Following closely behind it is the Canadian ELD Mandate that aims to standardize processes to prevent errors, logbook tampering, and driver harassment by implementing the technology by June 2021.

While both have similar goals and requirements, there are several operational, technical, and logistic distinctions between the U.S. and Canadian ELD Mandate. Let’s take a look at a few of their most notable differences:

Restrictions on personal conveyance

The Canadian ELD mandate will require suppliers to measure 75 km of personal conveyance within 24 hours, compared to the U.S. who does not have any time or distance restrictions. If a driver exceeds 75 km within 24 hours, their status will automatically change from “Personal Conveyance” to “Driving.”

Rules, logs, and reports – oh, my!

ELDs are required to measure and comprehend a Cycle 1, 2, and above-the-60th-parallel rules in Canada. The U.S. Mandate, however, does not require ELDs to measure rule sets within a device. Also in the U.S., carriers will be required to send detailed log reports for eight days to law enforcement, while Canadian carriers must share a PDF version of their log data for 14 days.

Acquiring location data

Manufacturers updating their ELDs to comply with the U.S. Mandate will be required to obtain a location for events such as yard moves, personal conveyance, duty status, and unassigned vehicle moves using Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) files. In Canada, the government is required to supply these files for distance and direction to ELD providers.

There are multiple other situational differences between the U.S. and Canadian ELD Mandate, some of which include:

  • Timeline

U.S.: Mandate officially went into effect on February 16, 2016. ELDs were required for all non-exempt drivers after December 18, 2017. All AOBRDs will need to be transitioned to ELDs by December 16, 2019.

Canada: Industry stakeholder comments were due September 2016, additional stakeholder comments were requested in April 2017, the FMCSA published the final rule on June 13, 2019, and all drivers impacted by the rule will need to comply by June 2021.

  • Certification

U.S.: Allows ELD providers to be self-certified.

Canada: ELD providers must be certified by a third party.

  • Exemptions

U.S.: Drivers operating a rental commercial motor vehicle (CMV) for a maximum of eight days or a CMV manufactured before the year 2000.

Canada: Drivers operating under a permit or statutory exemption, a rental CMV for a maximum of 30 days, or a CMV manufactured before the year 2000.


While Canada’s mandate closely follows U.S. rules to avoid disrupting cross-border transportation, each mandate has unique variations that drivers and carriers across both countries must be aware of to remain productive and profitable. To discover additional differences between the U.S. and Canadian ELD Mandate, visit Prepare for different Canadian and U.S. ELD rules.